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Le plan-relief de Lille. Fiabilité et contexte d’une représentation miniature de la ville

Abstract : Between 1668 and 1870, hundreds of plans-reliefs depicting fortified cities localized at the border of the country were built. The plan-relief of Lille (1740-1743) belongs to that collection. This paper attempts, on the one side, to better understand the intention pursued by representing the city in a model, and on the other side, to evaluate its historical validity in order to use it as a piece of archive. The first part covers the history of the collection and underlines its significance both on a practical and symbolical point of view and the needs to study individually these plans-reliefs, as both their implementation and level of accuracy vary. The second part analyses in depth the model of Lille: the relief, the citadel, the urban fortification, the roads, the canals, the plots, the civil, military and religious buildings etc. This study demonstrates the important historical value and the precise depiction of the model of Lille. Nevertheless, the analysis also points out the limits of such a representation. These limits are key when using it as a piece of archive. The third and last part questions the position of the plan-relief in comparison to other representations of the city. The purpose is to determine the visual specificity of the plans-reliefs in general and to clarify the immediate effects it has on the viewer. These effects contribute to the effectiveness of the models that were part of a wide range of images serving the interests of the King. This dissertation offers a global approach of the plan-relief of Lille, coming up to the object in itself, the circumstances of its production and of its reception.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03229132
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 4:52:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 9:05:45 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03229132, version 1

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Nathalie Dereymaeker. Le plan-relief de Lille. Fiabilité et contexte d’une représentation miniature de la ville. Art et histoire de l'art. Université de Lille; Université catholique de Louvain (1970-..). Faculté de philosophie et lettres, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LILUH029⟩. ⟨tel-03229132⟩

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