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Theses

Portraits d’enfants de migrants à l’école maternelle : Développement des répertoires de pratiques des jeunes enfants dans différents contextes linguistiques et culturels

Abstract : Based on a multidisciplinary approach that combines elements of sociology and anthropology of childhood and migration, this thesis aims to explore how children’s experiences reflect the development of their repertoires of cultural and linguistic practices that are built from an earlyage in their daily life between several cultural contexts. This concept of « repertoires of practices » (Rogoff et al., 2006) approaches culture as being the experience related to the daily activities of people and thus allows de-essentialising the notion of « culture » to analyze its interbreeding and its hybridizations by learning. A multi-method that relies on visual research tools (video observation, filmed interviews,guided tours and picture taking by children) strives to capture the views of 22 children, 3-4 years old, among those of parents and professionals in two nursery schools located in a strengthened priority education network in the Parisian region. The description and analysis of situations and experiences within the nursery school and, in part, those in the family, allow to build portraits of children to show the social realities when they live in different cultural traditions.The aim is to identify the particularities of the identity dynamics underlying children’s experiences and to understand the hybridization of their repertoires of linguistic and cultural practices, while contributing to give an overall picture of the children of migrant’s lives in nursery school. Empirical evidence shows a great diversity of the dynamics of participation of children of migrants in nursery school and domestic contexts, diversity that is little (or not) taken into account in other studies and research contexts dealing with children of migrants.The results show that nursery school has a great impact in integrating practices into children’scultural repertoires. But on the other hand, it can also result in suffering or tensions in family life, especially around the language, the links with the extended family, and some children remain deficient vis-à-vis the language and school performance expected from teachers in nursery school.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 7:14:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03228135, version 1

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Cornelia Carmen Draghici. Portraits d’enfants de migrants à l’école maternelle : Développement des répertoires de pratiques des jeunes enfants dans différents contextes linguistiques et culturels. Education. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA131078⟩. ⟨tel-03228135⟩

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