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Approche multi-échelle pour la prédiction de la tenue d'une aile caisson dédiée à l'aviation légère : expérimentation et simulation

Abstract : Aircraft wings are composed of a growing composite part portion. To reduce production and assembly certification costs, a new hollow box architecture is proposed with a one shot manufacturing process. This structure includes T-connections between honeycomb sandwich panels. Mechanical behavior and degradation modes are unknown for this structure. A multiscale methodology is developed to deepen the wing damage knowledge and to improve the numerical sizing tool.Firstly, specimen-testing couples are designed to represent the loading modes of the T-connections. A detailed analysis of instrumented testing allows to understand the damage scenarios for each mode. The first damage stages are mainly driven by the honeycomb behavior (shear, tear). A 3D numerical model represents the first damage stages. It is built with a shell representation of the honeycomb which integrates the structure variability (bonding, deformation of cells). An elastic-plastic damage law (unidirectional and woven plies) is developed for the wing materials. Then, it is implemented for multi material laminate. Based on this model, a simplified modeling is realized for the connection behavior. It consists of assembling shells by connectors with elastic-plastic properties. Building a predictive wing simulation requires a simplified model integration of the T-bond behavior.
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Clément Fleuret. Approche multi-échelle pour la prédiction de la tenue d'une aile caisson dédiée à l'aviation légère : expérimentation et simulation. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0013⟩. ⟨tel-03214979⟩

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