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Le « peuple du livre » à l’épreuve du « judaïsme du muscle » : les communautés juives de France et le sport (fin XIXe-1948)

Abstract : Being a Jew in France corresponds to two periods and therefore two realities - the end of the 19th century and the creation of the State of Israel. This thesis observes these transformations through the body, sports and physical activity. During the Belle Époque, the “people of the Book” advocated complete assimilation and the Jews were not interested in physical practicies. They nurture a culture of study and intellectual training – their corporeality seems to exist only through internalized anti-Semitic imagery that saps it. It was not until the return of the First World War, and the waves of immigration caused by the pogroms in Eastern Europe, that physical education and sports entered the daily lives of Jews in France. The “muscular Judaism” that Max Nordau had wished back in 1898, is finally understood. This thesis is based on a corpus of different kinds of archives, allowing us to observe the birth and the course of a large number of clubs, youth movements and philanthropic initiatives. These institutions promote sports in Jewish culture for men, women and the youth, as well as the regeneration of their bodies. This research project intends to understand how the Jewish communities of France adapt to physical and sports practices. The virtues and missions of sport tackle various issues : identities, sociability, education and zionism.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 6:06:28 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03212633, version 1

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Etienne Penard. Le « peuple du livre » à l’épreuve du « judaïsme du muscle » : les communautés juives de France et le sport (fin XIXe-1948). Education. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20027⟩. ⟨tel-03212633⟩

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