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Les conflits d’usage au cœur de l’élevage breton : sociologie des émotions dans l’action collective

Abstract : The industrialization of farming and the return of urban populations to the countryside foreshadows the emergence of conflicts over the use of space. These will be analyzed from the emotional work process. From a relational perspective, emotion is seen as what links individuals to a situation. Animal farming projects are said to break routines of inhabitants, generating feelings of amazement, anxiety and anger. To return to stable routines, the actors engage in a work of revision leading them to question their expectations and their values. The uncertainty inherent in revision situations also plunges the actors into investigative work to restore trust. Our main goal is to answer a very simple question: how do conflicts arise and resolve? According to what logic of action and what political process? The objective of this thesis is twofold. On the one hand, it involves conceptualizing a model of the conflict step by step, from its emergence to its resolution. On the other hand, the objective is to deal more specifically with the relationships between conflicts and institutions. The analysis is based on the study of 9 cases of conflict in Brittany. These cases are supported by 52 semi-structured interviews, a press review and an analysis of public inquiry files. A thematic content analysis identified the different drivers of collective action. The results show a global dynamic of local conflicts around livestock projects. Emotions and situations of conflict have been restored in all stages of the conflict: concern, mobilization and conclusion. Over the course of the mobilization, strong demands for redistributions of land uses and recognition of associated values emerged. These were explained by recognition demands of public problems that emerged during the mobilization. Livestock conflicts have proven to be social micro-movements interwoven with more global demands for recognition of values and contestation of social order.
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Ali Romdhani. Les conflits d’usage au cœur de l’élevage breton : sociologie des émotions dans l’action collective. Sociologie. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20025⟩. ⟨tel-03211471⟩

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