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Les normativités des technologies numériques : approche d’une éthique « by design »

Abstract : In this research, we propose to clarify the particularity of digital ethics through two concepts: ethics by design and the normativity of digital technologies. Indeed, we propose to examine the emergence and the conceptual scope of the expression "ethics by design" in the digital context, at the crossroads of several disciplinary fields. This genealogical analysis will allow us to propose a typology of ethics by design according to its theoretical connections: between an anthropocentric ethics of intention; an object-centered ethics by design; and an ethics of mediation, centered on the subject-object relationship. As for the concept of "normativity", it seems relevant to understand the limits of "by design" as what is done and decided "by design", and to avoid any techno-ethical determinism. Among other meanings, normativity means the immanence of a power. Normativity is a fertile concept for thinking about the tension, resulting from technical mediations, between the normative being of digital technologies on the one hand, and their normative duty to be on the other. How does ethics revolve around this normativity of digital technologies? In trying to grasp the mechanisms by which this normative power is expressed or invented, we will underline the necessary dialectic between, on the one hand, a current and descriptive ethics and, on the other hand, a virtual and capability ethics. The latter will open the way to a reflection on the contribution of care ethics to the digital world through "digital concern", "digital care" and "digital encapacitation".
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  • HAL Id : tel-03208802, version 1

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Flora Fischer. Les normativités des technologies numériques : approche d’une éthique « by design ». Philosophie. Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020COMP2583⟩. ⟨tel-03208802⟩

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