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Backward stochastic differential equations and applications : optimal switching, stochastic games, partial differential equations and mean-field

Abstract : This thesis is related to Doubly Reflected Backward Stochastic Differential Equations (DRBSDEs) with two obstacles and their applications in zero-sum stochastic switching games, systems of partial differential equations, mean-field problems.There are two parts in this thesis. The first part deals with optimal stochastic switching and is composed of two works. In the first work we prove the existence of the solution of a system of DRBSDEs with bilateral interconnected obstacles in a probabilistic framework. This problem is related to a zero-sum switching game. Then we tackle the problem of the uniqueness of the solution. Finally, we apply the obtained results and prove that, without the usual monotonicity condition, the associated PDE system has a unique solution in viscosity sense. In the second work, we also consider a system of DRBSDEs with bilateral interconnected obstacles in the markovian framework. The difference between this work and the first one lies in the fact that switching does not work in the same way. In this second framework, when switching is operated, the system is put in the following state regardless of which player decides to switch. This difference is fundamental and largely complicates the problem of the existence of the solution of the system. Nevertheless, in the Markovian framework we show this existence and give a uniqueness result by the Perron’s method. Later on, two particular switching games are analyzed.In the second part we study a one-dimensional Reflected BSDE with two obstacles of mean-field type. By the fixed point method, we show the existence and uniqueness of the solution in connection with the integrality of the data.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 4:41:08 PM
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Tingshu Mu. Backward stochastic differential equations and applications : optimal switching, stochastic games, partial differential equations and mean-field. Classical Analysis and ODEs [math.CA]. Le Mans Université, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LEMA1023⟩. ⟨tel-03205892⟩

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