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Etude expérimentale des interactions du vent solaire avec la molécule prébiotique d'hydantoine (C3N2O2H4)

Abstract : This thesis presents the study of the interaction of solar wind components with the hydantoin molecule C3N2O2H4, thought to have played a role in the appearance of life on Earth. This prebiotic molecule was detected in several meteorite samples and is thus potentially present in cometary outgasing, where it interacs with solar wind composed of electrons and energetic ions. The physico-chemistry of hydantoin in interaction with 100 eV electrons, which are one of the major components of solar wind, was studied with the new experimental apparatus SWEET (Stellar Wind and Electrons interactions on astrophysical molecules - Experiment and Theory), which was set-up during this thesis in the LCAR (Laboratoire Collisions Agrégats Réactivité), within the Ion Matter Interaction team. This is a crossed-beam apparatus which enables the investigation of unique collisions between one neutral isolated molecule and one electron or ion. The coincident use of several spectrometries techniques (spectrometry of emitted and scattered electrons and ionic spectrometry by velocity map imaging and time of flight) enables the identification of ionic produced fragments, the characterisation of the fragmentation dynamics, the measurement of the energetic threshold for dissociation pathways, and the probe of molecular excited states. The results obtained on SWEET were extended to the study of the interaction of hydantoin with multi-charged minority ions of solar wind (He2+ at 8 keV and O6+ at 30 keV), studied during a measurement campaign on the COLIMACON set-up at the GANIL (Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds, Caen, France). Experimental results were completed by a quantum chemistry approach (DFT B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)) to calculate the energy and geometry of the molecular systems as well as the dissociation potential barriers. As important results, the interaction between hydantoin and the solar wind components shows that the molecule easily fragments when multiply charged (q>+3) and the cycle opens when doubly charged, implying a high reactivity interesting within the framework of early Earth chemistry. The energetic thresholds for the major cation and dication fragmentations were measured and a theoretical reaction scheme was proposed, in accordance with the experimental measurments. The first results of the SWEET apparatus pave the way to quantitative measurements such as the absolute cross section of the observed relaxation processes, to complete the characterisation of the specific hydantoin - solar wind interaction.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03205698, version 1


Julie Renoud. Etude expérimentale des interactions du vent solaire avec la molécule prébiotique d'hydantoine (C3N2O2H4). Astrophysique stellaire et solaire [astro-ph.SR]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020TOU30225⟩. ⟨tel-03205698⟩



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