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Theses

Le vieillissement dans l'oeuvre de Marguerite Duras

Abstract : Aging, an inevitable process that no creature on the earth could escape, is synonymous with living and an ongoing process throughout our existence. Despite the abundant studies on Marguerite Duras, the researches on the theme of aging seem rare. Being one theme related to the passage of time, aging is however omnipresent in the artistic universe of Duras as well as in the life of the writer, who towards the last years of her life transformed herself into a key figure in her works. In this thesis I suggest that there are three main aspects in dissecting the presence of aging in the world of Duras: the aging of the characters in her work; the aging of the author; and the aging of her writing. Based mainly on psychic, psychoanalytic and sociological approaches, my analysis of the aging of the characters focuses on the various symptoms of senility that affect the human beings as well as the writing, which is also inscribed in a process towards evanescence and disappearance. This evolution of writing, which increasingly thins out, becomes consistent with the aging of the characters and that of their author, as the author’s public image constantly changes to respond to the effects incurred by time in the author’s life and her writing. All these three aspects show that aging in the world of Marguerite Duras is an evolution towards disappearance. It is through this movement, even this “fall” gravitating towards the decline, that her writing on aging realise her dynamism. Contrary to the stereotypes, Duras does not praise aging as an advantage to reach the wisdom or the salvation, nor considers it as a punishment: the attitude of Duras concerning aging is characterized by resignation and passivity, but in a positive sense, marked by the deep reconciliation and the acceptance of the vanity of existence, and above all the wear and tear of time. Duras converts the decadence presented in the process of aging into a true motive of her writing and her own life.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 11:17:09 AM
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Xiaolin Chen. Le vieillissement dans l'oeuvre de Marguerite Duras. Littératures. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BOR30034⟩. ⟨tel-03205313⟩

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