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L’Atelier du lied romantique : poétique de la ballade de la Goethezeit

Abstract : When we look at the poems called ballads, which have been furiously popular in the Germanic world since the Sturm und Drang, we encounter a general lack of agreement on their specificity. The Romantic Lied was partly forged in this multifaceted poetic-musical space. Franz Schubert (1797-1828) spent his early composing years setting long ballads to music, and was to return to do so until the end of his life; Carl Loewe (1796-1869) became a master of this art. The ductility of the genre and its resistance to all attempts at defining it in the two fields of literature and music (Sulzer 1771-1774, Koch 1802, Hegel 1818-1830, Häuser 1833…) jeopardize its own durability, but also make it an extraordinary experimental field for the vibrant musical lyricism. It is in tune with many of the issues at stake in 19th-century music, including the vocal practice of performers, reciters and singers, the issue of musical narration, and the connections between salon music and lyric stage performance, between the vocal and instrumental realms. This dissertation attempts to shed light on the becoming of Kunstlied through the prism of one of its key development settings. The ballad, a strange hybrid of storytelling without an identifiable storyteller, of music and stageless drama, broadens the dimensions of the traditional German Lied until the emergence of Kunstlied; better still, it shatters the emotional unity of the latter from the outset. Our research retraces this unpredictable process and the questions it raises, in order to better understand not the accomplished object that would be “the romantic Lied”, but rather the exciting work of artistic creation, the progressive modelling of a musical object, between the genres, in its multiple expressions over time.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03204652, version 1
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Mariette Crochu. L’Atelier du lied romantique : poétique de la ballade de la Goethezeit. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20022⟩. ⟨tel-03204652⟩

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