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Évaluation des compétences langagières plurilingues d'enfants saoudiens âgés de 6 à 12 ans à partir d'un récit à l'école saoudienne de Paris

Abstract : Over the past few years, with a view to opening up to the world, Saudi Arabia has been developing the learning of foreign languages in its educational system. This openness is also reflected in the possibility offered to the children of expatriates (diplomats or students) to be educated in Saudi institutions abroad, such as the Saudi school in Paris. The aim of this research is, precisely, to focus on the multilingualism of Saudi children attending this school. The latter, who therefore live in France, are in contact with three languages: i) Arabic (L1), first and family language, taught in school; ii) English (L2), the first foreign language taught in schools and used by some families; iii) French (L2 / L3), a second foreign language, also taught in schools and language of the dominant environment elsewhere (France). To assess the language abilities of these children, we used the textless picture book Frog, where are you? (Mayer, 1969). Two aspects of narratives, the overall plotline (study of thematic continuity) and temporality (use of verbal tenses), were analyzed in spoken productions in Arabic, English, and French of 20 children, aged 6 to 12 years old, having participated in our study. Furthermore, a parental and teacher questionnaire made it possible to specify the language biographies and to identify the sociolinguistic factors which influence the bi-/multilingualism of said children. Our results show a parent-child inter-influence not only on the choice of language in order to tell the story but also on children’s L1 language abilities. Besides, our research shows the importance of factors such as age and length of stay in France for children, especially for French skills. Finally, it was observed that family language practices that promote bi-/multilingualism had positive impact on children’s bi-/multilingualism language competencies.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 12, 2021 - 10:44:08 AM
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Abeer Dkiel Aldkiel. Évaluation des compétences langagières plurilingues d'enfants saoudiens âgés de 6 à 12 ans à partir d'un récit à l'école saoudienne de Paris. Linguistique. Normandie Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020NORMR100⟩. ⟨tel-03195818⟩

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