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Spécularité et réflexivité poétique : esthétique et poétique du miroir baudelairien

Abstract : Can we imagine a “dictionary of mirror” by Baudelaire? This thesis aims to build an imaginary dictionary by revisiting and fully exploiting the mirror themes in the Baudelairian world. This dissertation consists of four parts: the first part explores the infatuation with the mirror in French literature and in the real life of the 19th century. Starting with questioning the traditional themes of the specular metaphors among French writers, the initial part investigates Baudelaire’s attitude to the proliferation of optical instruments which profoundly influenced the artistic creations during the Second French Empire. The second part delves into “the supernatural powers of matters” in Baudelaire’s works. This is the dreamlike experience of mirror, especially in Artificial Paradises, where the almost supernatural specular visions and scintillating images are prevalent. The image of mirrors-eyes that intersperses throughout The Flowers of Evil constitutes one of the particularities in Baudelairian aesthetics. He dedicated himself to give concrete material forms to his dreams. The third part relates the inner struggle of the dandy who has a reflective consciousness in front of his mirror. After demonstrating the dandy's anxiety through the image of the double, a major theme of the time, this part follows the journey of the Beau du dandy in the concepts of love and prostitution while considering the aesthetic dimension of the mirror as "hypersign". Ultimately, the fourth part examines if Baudelaire's way of thinking coordinates with his way of working, i.e. conceiving and writing mirror poems. The final part shows how Baudelaire structured his poems, and how his specularity and poetic reflexivity extend to poetic forms and versification in his poems.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 7:32:08 PM
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Hongjin Song. Spécularité et réflexivité poétique : esthétique et poétique du miroir baudelairien. Littératures. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA100033⟩. ⟨tel-03194848⟩



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