Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Contribution des données de surveillance maritime à la Planification de l’Espace Maritime français - AIS, VMS, Radar : Entre potentiels techniques et contraintes politiques

Clément Dupont 1 
1 LETG - Brest - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : For more than ten years, Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) has been promoted as a promising approach to meet the challenges of sustainable development at sea. In Europe, it is subject to a framework directive (2014/89/EU) which requires coastal states to draw up marine spatial plans, of which the first versions are expected in 2021. Although the approaches vary from one State to another, the establishment of a precise knowledge base of the areas to be planned - regarding the environment, activities, and societies - appears to be a universal step. This geography thesis focuses on the potential and actual contributions of maritime surveillance data (AIS, VMS, radar, etc.) to this knowledge base in the context of planning in metropolitan France. It is based on a combination of a systematic review of scientific and regulatory literature, and a survey by semi-directive interviews conducted during 2019 with 40 stakeholders in the French MSP. After noting a minor contribution of monitoring data to the French planning process, the thesis highlights three main factors limiting the mobilisation of the latter, linked to the technical limitations of the systems, poor data circulation and a lack of acceptability on the part of certain stakeholders. Lastly, it calls for this observation to be seen as a reflection of the specific features of the French MSP and the difficulties it faces, particularly in terms of competition for space and distribution of powers in maritime governance.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03194413
Contributor : Clément Dupont Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 3:10:50 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:10 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, July 12, 2021 - 9:22:26 AM

File

Clément DUPONT - Thèse CIF...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03194413, version 1

Citation

Clément Dupont. Contribution des données de surveillance maritime à la Planification de l’Espace Maritime français - AIS, VMS, Radar : Entre potentiels techniques et contraintes politiques. Géographie. Université de Bretagne Occidentale, 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03194413⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

355

Files downloads

62