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La reconfiguration de l'utopie dans les imaginaires sociaux des acteurs/trices de l'économie sociale et solidaire au Québec et en France

Abstract : The dissertation is about utopia reconfiguration in social and solidarity economy players social imagination in Quebec and France, through the food case.In the first part, it presents what the concept of utopia means in a multidisciplinary scientific literature review: noticing that the term “utopia” refers to many realizations and is used in theoretical statements sometimes opposed (chapter 1), it suggests a definition especially from Mannheim (1929) revisiting with Martuccelli (2014). The problematical issue of this definition results in a tension between utopia as a global phenomenon opposed to ideology and utopia as it materializes in limited actions.A second part sets the methodology out. Interviews are a privileged way to understand players social imagination in their diversity. They are analyzed with NVivo which functionalities are shown.In a third part, from the interviews analysis, results are described. We observe that the players have an ambiguous relation to the economic question which brings about a resourceful-improvised model: carrying out an action is preferred to taking into account the political relation to economic ideology (chapter 4). Since then, politicization, defined as the ability to generalize and make source of conflict, seems to step aside to the possibility of limited actions, answering the players search for a usefulness feeling (chapter 5).In the fourth and last part, discussion attempts to give an overview of the results. Avoiding to face a powerlessness feeling implied by the construction of a common utopian horizon, the players withdraw to the illusion of control. They do not hope for a global social transformation but focus on their own action, their commitment proving their usefulness in a tautological demonstration (chapter 6). It is instead the individual level that is being took as the container of a transformation which is not really global. Indeed, the changes hoped regarding consumption only concern insiders. As for wider behavior changes, they only apply to a dominated part of the people, whom see in the help relation led by the social and solidarity economy players the reproduction of normative summons instead of emancipation (chapter 7).
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Anaïs Bovet. La reconfiguration de l'utopie dans les imaginaires sociaux des acteurs/trices de l'économie sociale et solidaire au Québec et en France. Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..]; Université du Québec à Montréal, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALH010⟩. ⟨tel-03191305⟩

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