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Theses

Development of electroactive polymer actuators for next generation mirror : Live-Mirror

Abstract : We have developed new and interdisciplinary technology for creating extremely lightweight, diffraction-limited, meta-material-based optical systems with exceptional optical quality and spectacularly lower cost and production time: Live-Mirror. The novelty is to replace classical rigid and heavy optical mirrors with “live” and light dynamic optoelectronic systems consisting of a thin optical glass sheet actively supported by multiple force-actuators/sensors integrated and miniaturized via additive manufacturing and 3D printing. Our breakthrough Live-Mirror features and active shape control with many-degrees-of-freedom force actuators achieved by developing an additive 3D-printing-based technology to apply an optimized electroactive polymer (EAP) systems to a sandwich of thin glass surfaces, thus creating a novel hybrid meta-material with superior stiffness-to-density ratio properties. This thesis describes the development of soft actuators based on modified/doped EAPs, here dubbed terpolymer P(VDF-TrFE-CFE). We will show that this new and Live-Mirror customized terpolymer matrix features an outstanding electromechanical coupling property, particularly when doped with a plasticizer, e.g. diisononyl phthalate (DINP). Here we demonstrate that by optimizing the structured multilayer design, the electromechanical coupling of the modified terpolymer can be enhanced, yielding high dielectric permittivity, low Young modulus, and exceptional dielectric strength. This leads to a large strain response as well as high mechanical energy density under relatively low electric fields according to the electrostriction phenomenon – the main goal of the high-level specifications of Live-Mirror. In addition to a customized terpolymer matrix, the concept of stacked multilayers is demonstrated as a simple and effective technique to boost actuation abilities. Several 3D-printed, proof-of-concept (in the lab) experimental results, which are in good agreement with numerical models, validate the actuator performance with a large electromechanical response. This technology shows feasibility for active optical surface shape control and demonstrates the Live-Mirror optical shape control and correction with only a few degrees-of-freedoms. Such a novel and advanced actuator application via additive manufacturing technology are compliant for ground- and space-based astronomy and communications telescopes as well as many modern electronic devices.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 2:22:12 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03186873, version 1

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Kritsadi Thetpraphi. Development of electroactive polymer actuators for next generation mirror : Live-Mirror. Electronics. Université de Lyon, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSEI058⟩. ⟨tel-03186873⟩

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