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Theses

Trajectoires shintô et construction de la Mandchourie japonaise : spatialisation religieuse, expansion de l’empire et structuration du shintō moderne

Abstract : Modern Shintō is often seen as a unified ritual system based on shrines which are considered either as places embodying State Shintō, or as popular places of worship. This point of view is even more emphasized in the case of Japanese expansion in Asia. The first purpose of this thesis is to show that these two dimensions are complementary and take part in the imperial movement during the first half of the 20th century. Unlike readings denying the authenticity of modern Shintō, this thesis aims at proving that it is a genealogically coherent religious system which modern form is characterised by an imperial, sometimes universal, dynamics based on new pantheistic doctrines. The study focuses on the cases of three Shintō leaders involved in the building process of Japanese Manchuria: Matsuyama Teizō 松山珵三 (1878-1947), Deguchi Onisaburō 出口王仁三郎 (1871-1948) and Kakei Katsuhiko 筧克彦 (1872-1961). These three cases allow us to shed light on three different ways of encountering Manchurian space, seen in its diatopic dimension, and as many ways of spatialising this region. It thus enables us to understand how these three Shintō leaders are in the meantime driven by, and driving forces behind, the imperial process in these territories stretching from the Liaodong peninsula to the frontier of Outer Mongolia. Japanese Manchuria, as a fluid space, then appears as the target of religious and colonial appropriation dynamics within which individual and state ambitions are intertwined.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 24, 2021 - 2:43:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03179790, version 1

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Edouard L'Hérisson. Trajectoires shintô et construction de la Mandchourie japonaise : spatialisation religieuse, expansion de l’empire et structuration du shintō moderne. Histoire. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020INAL0018⟩. ⟨tel-03179790⟩

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