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Bâtir une église, fonder une mémoire, asseoir une autorité : lieux de culte et représentations du passé dans les campagnes des anciens diocèses de Bordeaux, Bazas et Agen au premier Moyen Âge (IVe-XIe siècle)

Abstract : Early Middle Ages represents a pivotal moment in which frameworks inherited from Antiquity coexist with the gradual establishment of a new ordo, in close relation with the setting up of an ecclesiastical order. Rural churches rapidly become places of competition between the elites, acting as intermediaries between God and men, media of social recognition and control over local populations. In the Romanized countryside of south-western Gaul, the genesis of these buildings is often related to the past, since they appear to have been founded on the site of Gallo-roman settlements, whose structures and materials they may eventually re-use. The present research proposes to approach this question from the point of view of representations. This allows us to free ourselves from the traditional historiography, oscillating between the study of the processes of Christianization and the pragmatic appeal of antique ruins, by engaging in a dialogue between written and archaeological sources. The aim is to analyse the discourses of filiation to the past over a long period of time, with regards to the stakes involved in the building of the first Christian places of worship, and through the cross-referenced reflection on the actors and location of these foundations. The present study takes into consideration places of worship, but also funerary areas, which constitute the main elitist testimonies that can be identified in the areas of the former city-dioceses of Bordeaux, Bazas and Agen. It is based on a corpus of about a hundred sites, spread along the strategic Garonne-Dordogne axis, on the edge of the Frankish kingdom.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 24, 2021 - 2:31:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03179765, version 1

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Christelle Ehrhardt. Bâtir une église, fonder une mémoire, asseoir une autorité : lieux de culte et représentations du passé dans les campagnes des anciens diocèses de Bordeaux, Bazas et Agen au premier Moyen Âge (IVe-XIe siècle). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BOR30033⟩. ⟨tel-03179765⟩

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