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Recompositions sociales depuis une scène indépendante à Lima - Cumbia fusión et gráfica popular dans un contexte néolibéral

Abstract : At the end of the 2000s, an independent scene created by young middle-class musicians and visual artists, mostly non-professionals, was formed in Lima. Influenced by the cultura popular, specific to a city that metamorphosed with andean migrations in the last quarter of the 20th century, they present creations that reflect who they are, and have a growing audience in their self-organized concerts and markets, the ferias. It is on the basis of this success, and on the fact that this cultural and organizational proposal seduces and brings together people from various districts of the immense capital, that we propose a study of the mechanisms of social reconstruction in an urban environment. We have thus worked in depth on the construction of Lima and on the categories that are legion there, in order to understand the birth, the success, the challenges of this scene and, above all, what it generates in the city. The movida, as its protagonists call it, operates in the greatest informality, like most of the activities in Lima. It claims its independence with an anti-system speech, while being able to modulate its position towards this system – which corresponds to the State and the institutions for the members of this scene – in order to develop its activities. The artists spread their productions and their speech through social networks which allow them to increase their visibility and their audience outside the media and official channels. They seduce their audience with a critique of capitalist and neoliberal policies, of government corruption, of the powerlessness of institutions and of what they perceive as an injunction to an identity categorization with the praise of "peruanity" or “multiculturalism” in which they do not recognize themselves and of which they are wary of the great media coverage. Here, contrary to what several works in anthropology have been able to affirm, identity claim do not correspond to the driving force of these people and does not explain the fact that this scene is at the origin of the creation of collectives, with an audience that meets and travels around the city to participate in the cultural events that the independent scene offers. This work, built from a field investigation in Lima with artists and their audience, demonstrates that the theme of identity turns out to be a fluid and inconsistent object, which is far from making any real sense when it comes to understanding the mechanisms and logics that govern social relationships. The social restructuring observed in Lima is above all conditioned by an urban context, ultra-connected and marked by the excesses of the neoliberal system, where people are more concerned with seeking collective alternatives to develop their activities and to respond to this system, rather than to promote, defend or seek an identity.
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Contributor : Lucie Miramont <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 3:06:03 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 20, 2021 - 3:25:08 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03172148, version 1



Lucie Miramont. Recompositions sociales depuis une scène indépendante à Lima - Cumbia fusión et gráfica popular dans un contexte néolibéral. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03172148⟩



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