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Theses

« À rude école ». La formation initiale des officiers français à l’épreuve de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1940-1945).

Abstract : In the eyes of the French military command, the training of its officers was a central issue throughout the war. The reopening of the French military academies in the aftermath of the defeat raised the question of their training. For the Vichy regime, military academies were now a political tool, while for the Free French movement military skills were vital to erase the humiliation of the defeat.The dissolution of the armistice Army in November 1942 changed the mission of theses academies. The aim was to merge the two former French forces and promote their amalgam while the militay training was influenced by the allied environment and combat practices.The return of French troops on the national soil and the contact with irregular armies from the Resistance’s movements questioned once more the role of these military academies in the rebulding process of the Nation.The end of the war led to the reopening of the academies in metropolitan France, in order to create a new army, reconciling formerly divided French forces with the Nation. The training of French officers was modified. However, the begining of the conflict in Indochina highlighted the weakness of this rebirth, at odds with the needs of the French forces.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03167007
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 11, 2021 - 4:27:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 3:04:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03167007, version 1

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Morgane Barey. « À rude école ». La formation initiale des officiers français à l’épreuve de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1940-1945).. Histoire. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASK001⟩. ⟨tel-03167007⟩

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