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Doxa et contredoxa dans la construction du territoire discursif du front national (2000-2017)

Camille Bouzereau 1
1 BCL, équipe Logométrie : corpus, traitements, modèles
BCL - Bases, Corpus, Langage (UMR 7320 - UCA / CNRS)
Abstract : This thesis is at the croassroads of two methods: textual data analysis and the linguistics centred on the semantic, enunciative, pragmatic dimensions of language facts. Its aim is to characterize linguistically the political discourses of the French National Front (FNF) over the contemporary period (2000-2017). Starting from the postulate that this French political party is now anchored in the system and, paradoxically, claims to be an 'anti-system' party, we study the speech construction of this opposition. This work thus questions the heuristic interest of a counter-discourse notion within the political discourse. It defends the thesis that the FNF's speech is systematically built, on its own specific themes and with singular argumentative strategies, like a counter-discourse opposing a single and unique doxa to a counter-doxa.To carry out this research, we have used the Hyperbase software, text data analysis platform, to create a vast corpus over three million occurrences structured in five databases. We have thus applied our tools and our analysis to more than 300 Lepenian speeches and three French presidential campaigns.To answer our fundamental question, three fields of relevance - each corresponding to a linguistic approach - follow one another. They progress from an infra-textual analysis, centred on the study of the lexical and syntactic specificities of the FNF discourse, to a textual analysis devoted to the inter- and supra-phrastic cohesion of the Lepenian textuality, in order to arrive at the discursive organization and the relations that the FNF discourse locally and globally poses to other discourses.
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Camille Bouzereau. Doxa et contredoxa dans la construction du territoire discursif du front national (2000-2017). Linguistique. Université Côte d'Azur, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020COAZ2023⟩. ⟨tel-03160286⟩

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