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Le discours critique et ses valeurs : Une éthique des vertus discursives à partir de quelques polémiques en littérature française contemporaine

Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to know if the fictional literature benefited from a particular regime of ethical and aesthetic acceptability of the speeches. Like any published text, literature is subject to the law, but it is also subject to individual manifestations of approval or indignation that the polemical contexts forcefully bring to light. I have adopted a bi-disciplinary approach that combines the literary discourse analysis with the ethics of discursive virtues. This allows me to integrate the ethical parameter into a linguistic study focused on literature. The controversial discursive events were the ideal place to see the emergence of metadiscours expressing a value judgment. . I have therefore compiled a reference corpus reflecting sixteen years of literary controversy (between 2000 and 2015) that provide an overview of the main reasons for the unacceptability of literary discourse : privacy, plagiarism, sexuality, religions and history. I have sought to capture contemporary critical discourse by associating folk literary criticism with established literary criticism. The development of Web 2.0 has has brought out contemporary forms that I associated with the study. I tried to identify the foundation of the values that these metadiscours expose: aesthetics, tradition, ethics and pleasure, all forming an ethics of the virtues of contemporary literary discourse. Then I studied how these discourses on values are constructed and perpetuated through purist discourse, literary lineages, autonymic modalization, or generalizing assertions that define the literary. All this forms networks that cannot be generalized and that show the plasticity and the subjectivity of these values/anti-values that commentators actualize by appropriating contemporary literary discourse.
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Gaëlle Labarta. Le discours critique et ses valeurs : Une éthique des vertus discursives à partir de quelques polémiques en littérature française contemporaine. Linguistique. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA131046⟩. ⟨tel-03156963⟩

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