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Systèmes alternatifs de gestion des eaux pluviales : Contribution à l’analyse de performances conjointes en matière d’hydrologie quantitative et de piégeage de micropolluants. Comparaison systèmes à la source – système centralisé

Abstract : Stormwater management is a major issue for municipalities, be it regarding the increasing of runoff water because of the developpment of impervious urban areas (flooding risks), as well as the pollutant contamination limitation and removal in accord with the European Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC) requirements. .. Since a few decades, municipalities implements and encourage the use of stormwater control measures (SCM) to regulate waterflows by infiltration either on large scale (via separative sewers and detention/infiltration basins) or on smaller plots directly at the source of runoff (source control systems such as swales, trenches, porous pavement…). A furnished litterature exists regarding stormwater quality on usual pollutants (TSS, COD, nutrients…), metals and PAHs. These last two are recognized as caracteristic of stormwater pollution and many studies highlighted their removal by differents types of SCMs. However, few or no studies focuses on a wider range of ;icropollutants such as pesticides, alkylphenols of brominated flame retardants. This study aim to contribute to the research field through the qualitative caracterization in situ of stormwater from two different type of SCMs (centralized and source control) on 59 micropollutant. Four different sites were chosen in oder to conduct the sampling at the outlet of i) a centralized detention basin (semi urban area, stormwater sewers), and three source control systems managing parking lots: ii) a porous pavement with reservoir structure, iii) an infiltration trench and iv) and vegetalized infiltration swale. Analysis were conducted on 59 micropollutants from five differents families (metals, PAHs, pesticides, alkylphenols and PBDEs) for about a dozen of rain events. Flows for more than 100 rain events were studied via metrology and sampling installations specially developed to measure the wide range of flows at the outlet of the source control systems.The study shows that metals and PAHs are the most particulate and the most quantified micropollutants in stormwater. They are also the ones that are treated the best, particularly by the source control systems which infiltration appears more efficient than the settling from the detention basin. Other micropollutant families show a more random speciation and are more likely to be removed by the trench and the swale than by the other systems. Globally, source control systems appear more efficient regarding micropollutant removal than the centralized basin thanks to their filtration, but the swale and the trench still stand out because of their great water retention increasing drastically their efficiency regarding total loads of micropollutants evacuated in receiving bodies.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03156850
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 5:11:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03156850, version 1

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Robin Garnier. Systèmes alternatifs de gestion des eaux pluviales : Contribution à l’analyse de performances conjointes en matière d’hydrologie quantitative et de piégeage de micropolluants. Comparaison systèmes à la source – système centralisé. Ingénierie de l'environnement. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSEI002⟩. ⟨tel-03156850⟩

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