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Modalité, énonciation et aspect : analyse de prédicats et structures exprimant l’obligation et régissant un datif en russe contemporain

Abstract : Our thesis analyzes different predicates and a structure with a dative that are able to express obligation in Russian: three impersonal modal predicates – nado, nužno, ("must") and prijtis ("to be constrained", "to have the opportunity") – and the dative-infinitive structure, the modal meaning of which arises from the juxtaposition of a dative and an infinitive. None of these predicates had been fully described; additionally, the place of the dative-infinitive structure and its relation to structures containing an explicit modal remained poorly defined. Our approach is semasiological and discursive: we started by studying the forms in order to understand how their meaning is constructed. These were always analyzed in a broad context and submitted to native speakers. This allowed us to highlight the conditions of use of each of these forms and to isolate the contextual factors that could interfere with their interpretation. This allowed us to show that nado and nužno, generally described as synonyms, differ by the type of modality they express: objective and absolute for nado; subjective and relative for nužno. Prijtis ’, in contrast, has a retrospective orientation and is opposing a situation in which the process is realized against one or more other situations in which it is not the case. This opposition, coming from the preverb pri-, creates a meaning of either constraint or contingency, depending on the nature of the situations involved. Finally, we have shown that the dative-infinitive structure is not elliptical but has a discursive function: it does not construct a relation of necessity, but reasserts it to highlight its implications in a considered situation.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 4:00:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 5, 2021 - 9:37:36 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03153684, version 1



Bastien Poreau. Modalité, énonciation et aspect : analyse de prédicats et structures exprimant l’obligation et régissant un datif en russe contemporain. Linguistique. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020INAL0023⟩. ⟨tel-03153684⟩



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