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Amartya Sen et l'Ethique du développement.

Abstract : Thinking about the relationship between economics and ethics is the main issue of our reflection. From Aristotle to Adam Smith, economics has been a normative science. It took until the 1930s, marked by the influence of positivism, to detach it from morality. Amartya Sen considers that the distance created between economics and morality has significantly reduced their enrichment. He believes that the economy should be designed according to human goals. He intends to restore normative content to the economy. It therefore develops its approach through capabilities. The capabilities approach remains a richness both for the subjects tackled and for the research angles adopted. Sen refuses to develop a theory of justice like John Rawls that would guarantee the emergence of a just society. He insisted on the need to contextualize questions of justice. Sen fits into a comparative perspective. It is the concrete situations in their complexity and their multidimensionality which make it possible to approach the question of justice with lucidity and efficiency. Such justice would take into account the preferences and choices of each individual. Sen is building his idea of human rights-based development. This thesis therefore responds to the methodological challenges posed by theories of justice. To base development on a human scale, you need a theory of diversity. There is also a need to integrate the ethical dimension into the economy.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 3:08:17 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 9:19:09 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03143063, version 1



Freddy Stéphane Mboula Wamok-Peter. Amartya Sen et l'Ethique du développement.. Philosophie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LIL3H018⟩. ⟨tel-03143063⟩



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