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Les stratégies de proximité de l’ESS au service des alternatives économiques

Abstract : This thesis is about initiatives in the field of the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) that put forward proximity-based organizations departing from the dominant paradigm, and especially from the predominant neoliberal ideology. They are born from the concerns of the civil society and result in the creation of local answers to problems arising from the multidimensional crisis that encompasses social, political, economic and environmental issues. The proliferation of these alternative economic experimentations could be an opportunity for the emergence of more diverse ways to devise and govern the economy. However, when they build local production networks, these initiatives encounter isomorphic influences from the prevailing institutional system that seem to hinder their development and push them toward normalization. This can jeopardize their power to transform the society and the economy on a bigger scale. This research provides an explanation of this phenomenon through a meso-economic analysis of the interrelations within the SSE and with the public and lucrative sectors. The purpose is to explain the logic of local coordination that favours the efficiency of these alternatives and of those who result in the resilience of the neoliberal system that they criticize. The thesis is divided into three parts; an historical one that gives perspective on the present issues, a theoretical one that adopts a heterodox and institutional standpoint in order to provide analytical tools that are specifically suited to the chosen subject. The economy of proximity is the main scientific discipline that was selected, with intakes from the economy of convention. Lastly, an empirical part, based on a multidisciplinary approach presents the geographical, institutional and organizational proximity relations of four local SSE networks in the area of Grenoble-Alpes-Métropole and an assessment of their impact ; a territorial pole of economic cooperation (PTCE), a local network of the ethical bank La Nef, a network of urban community-based gardens and a network of local currency and community exchange systems.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 2:30:11 PM
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Laura Gueorguieva-Bringuier. Les stratégies de proximité de l’ESS au service des alternatives économiques. Economies et finances. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAE005⟩. ⟨tel-03143000⟩



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