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Gli Angiò-Durazzo : la rappresentazione del potere

Abstract : The doctoral thesis analyses the Anjou-Durazzo dynasty, in particular from the point of view of the construction of the legitimation of power and consensus around the sovereign. The perspective selected depends on awareness of the urgency of issues relating to legitimation and consensus, considering that today the economic crisis, migration and a pandemic are exhausting governments and national and supranational institutions in the West. The problem of legitimation and consensus as the founding elements of power was present also in the Middle Ages. The central point of the thesis is the understanding of the political and symbolic instruments used by the Anjou-Durazzo in order to give a basis for their domination."Writing" was the first field of study considered. I focused on the analysis of documentary production from the Chancellery of Anjou-Durazzo. I did a serial investigation of the acts of, in particular on the preamble or arenga, considered to be the rhetorical part of the document. My hypothesis was that in their recursion they contributed to composing the ideal portrait of the princeps.I analysed other themes, that is to say royal ceremonies, monarchical knightly orders and heraldry. Among the monarchical rituals I have taken into consideration especially the coronations and funerals, which were fundamental events during the life of a kingdom in which many people participated,and where therefore the symbolic communication had a potentially wider effect to manifest the perenniality of royalty. Among the first acts of the dynasty there was also the foundation of a chivalric order that brought with it not only a ceremoniality restricted only to the group of members, but also constituted a reference point immediately recognizable through clothing. This attention to the communicative value of belonging to a circle is the same that is found in heraldry. In the Durazzo period, an innovative use of blazons and coats of arms was found on the facades of noble residences, where the presence of lilies and the tripartite coat of arms of Hungary, France and Jerusalem served to demonstrate loyalty to the Durazzo dynasty.The commissioning of the Durazzo also refers to symbolic communication. However, I did not limit myself to reviewing the works commissioned by the dynasty, but I wanted to link them to the analysis of the devotional choices of this Angevin branch, on which above all the location of their tombs illuminates us, extending the research to the whole history of the Durazzo.The thesis also took into consideration the structures of power that could transmit and implement royal orders in the territory, trying to reconstruct some reforms, implemented or attempted, in the belief that even the "bureaucracy" could contribute in giving a representation of the Durazzo power, given that changes in the organization and practices of the royal administration had consequences in the institutional balance. This analysis is preceded by a historical profile that offers an in-depth analysis of some key events in the events of the dynasty.From this thesis it emerges how the Durazzo desperately chased a legitimacy and a consensus that stabilized their power. Documents, ceremonies, chivalric orders, heraldry, tombs, foundations of churches and commissions, all contributed to contrasting the instability that hit the continental Mezzogiorno starting from the Great Schism. Ultimately, the project of Durazzo failed due to the absence of a biological heir, and Giovanna II, the last ruler of the dynasty, ended up involved in the war of the Two Hundred Years between the Angevins and the Aragonese.11-05-2020
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Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 6:25:10 PM
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Davide Passerini. Gli Angiò-Durazzo : la rappresentazione del potere. History. Université d'Avignon; Università degli studi di Napoli Federico II, 2020. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2020AVIG1204⟩. ⟨tel-03142145⟩



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