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Les meules rotatives de la fin de l'Âge du Fer au haut Moyen Âge entre la Seine et le Rhin

Abstract : Millstones, as the centerpieces and the best preserved elements of mills, are characteristic of the questions relating to the history of techniques and economics.Of economics, because analysis of the rocks from which they are made reveal a complex chain including their research, extraction, shaping, distribution and use. The factors on which this chain depends don’t only concern querns and millstones but can be applied to all types of craft production that answer to primary needs of subsistence.Of techniques because the improving of milling processes is due to a transmission of technical savoir-faire, mixed with a constant research for the best solution to evolving food needs. This notion of technical progress is observed both over a long time scale (1000 years) and during brief political and cultural transitions (the Roman conquest of Gaul, and the Germanic migrations). This evolution is the basis of deep social and economic changes.Based on field surveys, artifact analysis (querns and millstones) and a literature survey, this thesis presents a regional synthesis on a modest but structuring element of ancient societies and their economies.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 1:01:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03141069, version 1



Paul Picavet. Les meules rotatives de la fin de l'Âge du Fer au haut Moyen Âge entre la Seine et le Rhin. Histoire. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H005⟩. ⟨tel-03141069⟩



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