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L’Institutionnalisation des nouveaux partis contestataires d’Europe du Sud au prisme des carrières militantes : Une étude comparée de Syriza, Podemos et la France insoumise

Abstract : Financial crisis of 2007-08 and its consequences shook the main political forces of the most impacted countries. This, for the benefit of rising actors, demanding a major social change during elections. The experience of such new organizations, that rapidly grown during the last decade in several european countries, then deeply evolving while confronting themselves to the conquest and subsequent exercise of power, is rich in lessons.Based on a sociological qualitative survey completed by a participant observation among local groups, this work sets out to analyze and compare the institutionalization process among three parties opposing austerity policies in Southern Europe – Podemos in Spain, the France Insoumise movement and Syriza in Greece. It goes through activist careers, involvement and disengagement, as well as their potential professionalization. Accordingly, sociological tools related to both involvement in politics and political parties sociology are used to interpret activists pathways inside those structures. Therefore, they highlight various effects of institutionalization on parties belonging to the radical left.This analysis question the limits of traditional party categories to suggest a new model rising from this contemporary process, identified as the development of the professionalized dissenting party.
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Arthur Groz. L’Institutionnalisation des nouveaux partis contestataires d’Europe du Sud au prisme des carrières militantes : Une étude comparée de Syriza, Podemos et la France insoumise. Science politique. Université Montpellier, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020MONTD002⟩. ⟨tel-03136468⟩

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