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La théorie des probabilités et l'Institut Henri Poincaré (1918-1939) : construction d'un champ probabiliste parisien et pratique d'un transfert culturel

Abstract : The mathematics of randomness experienced tremendous changes throughout the interwar period (1918-1939), especially in Paris where the Institut Henri Poincaré (IHP) opened in 1928 and soon became an international scene for probability. Using a cross-approach, we analyse the social processes at work within the Faculty of Science of Paris and the Academy of Science playing a part in the strengthening of probability as a mathematical discipline and supporting research in this field. We highlight the strategies used by a small group of mathematicians in order to build an institutionnal framework for the probabilistic developement both locally and internationally. We particularly analyse the practice of cultural transfer fueling the probabilistic research in Paris.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03131709
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 4, 2021 - 3:45:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 3:08:33 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 7:09:59 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03131709, version 1

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Matthias Cléry. La théorie des probabilités et l'Institut Henri Poincaré (1918-1939) : construction d'un champ probabiliste parisien et pratique d'un transfert culturel. Histoire et perspectives sur les mathématiques [math.HO]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPASK003⟩. ⟨tel-03131709⟩

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