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Face à la victime : émergence d’une figure et travail du regard sur les scènes contemporaines

Abstract : This thesis in Performative Arts explores the theatrical representations of the victim, which has become a central figure in European contemporary societies. Rooted in the foundations of occidental culture, from images of sacrificial rites to the figure of the Christ, the victim has evolved into a judicial category throughout modern history and later on emerged as a specific political subjectivity, in the end of the XXth century. Victims then began to acquire a form of legitimacy, through the social recognition of the violence they endured, as well as the possibility of repairing the harm done. The core of this paradigm is settled in the 1990’s, with a striking shift in public sensitivity and interest regarding experiences of oppression/suffering, thereby redefining democratic regimes and opening new fields of political resistance.This research studies this movement from the point of view of contemporary performative arts. It aims at renewing the recent history of dramatic arts, through the prism of the victim, seen as a figure. Based on a corpus of plays, playwriting, and artistic events that played a significant role between 1993 et 2000 in the European scene, the thesis assesses the figure of the victim in order to define the specific role of Theater in the construction of this new paradigm. The presence of victims on stage affects bodily representation, as well as the ways to stage political violence. It also leads contemporary theater to a new sense of realness, and to an organic link with performative systems. In order to analyze this shift in relation with contemporary history, the analysis of the corpus and of the theoretical framework is put in perspective by various references to other visual studies and social science.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 4, 2021 - 5:42:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03130500, version 1


Manon Worms. Face à la victime : émergence d’une figure et travail du regard sur les scènes contemporaines. Linguistique. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSE2059⟩. ⟨tel-03130500⟩



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