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Le Curriculum Bilingue dans l'enseignement fondamental au Mali : Etat des lieux de sa mise en œuvre

Abstract : This thesis analyses a bilingual model of education in Mali designated ) by the administration of National Education as « Curriculum Bilingue » (Bilingual Curriculum. This model, in which national languages are central, is part of a series of reforms destined to imporve the efficacy of the education system. It involves offering learners the possibility of using their first language in order to build knowledge and competency in French (which progressively becomes the sole language of instruction) and in other non linguistic disciplines. In Mali, our field for the research undertaken, several phases of bilingual teaching have been experimented since 1960 with the advent of Independence, opening the way for « l’Expérimentation de Première Génération » (First Generation Experimentation), and then « la Pédagogie Convergente » (Convergent Pedagogy).At present, the « Curriculum Bilingue » has been generalised in schools in Mali since 2005, after the initial experimentations. Ethnographical research methods in situ including interviews with the actors involved (teachers and adminstrative personnel) as well as observation of classes at the primary level, have been employed to examine the extent to which this bilingual model is implemented in schools. A methodical analysis highlights the complexity of the institutional and didactic factors at play. Whilst the results reveal considerable institutional obstacles, they do shed light on the way in which teachers adhere to and approve of the bilingual mode of teaching. The language of the region studied, bamanankan, is pivotal in their motivated pedagogical practices despite inadequate teacher training. This research highlights the social issues at stake with bilingual education and opens new highly pertinent didactic perspectives for the Sahel region worth pursuing in the future.
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Abdramane Diarra. Le Curriculum Bilingue dans l'enseignement fondamental au Mali : Etat des lieux de sa mise en œuvre. Linguistique. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALL019⟩. ⟨tel-03128785⟩

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