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Les nouvelles formes de l'expression citoyenne : étude des discours en ligne : enjeux de visibilité et de reconnaissance des idées et des publics d'une polémique

Abstract : This research works of this PhD is about the new form of citizen expression, it leads to interrogate the political and numerical articulation, in the conflictual process of qualifying/disqualifaying online political discourse. In front of usual critics against modern democracy, we are trying in a first time to put in light the deficiencies and the natural and structural problems it set up for Citizen representation. While internet is oftenly conceive as a new public space able to breathe a democratic renewal, we apprehend it as a device of struggle for the visibility of social actors, in their ideas but also underlied ideology. Comments published on the Facebook page of 2013 named "Soutien au bijoutier de Nice", are the principal study material we analyze with a mixed methodology of lexicometry and discourse analysis. From a heuristic approach, we observe a first enunciative tension between the individual staging of self-exposure and the attempts to found a shared identity. The debate which gathers from subjects of polarized discussions and concentrated interactions reveals a strong emotional charge which is reflected globally throughout these exchanges: expressivity, mockery and verbal violence. The latter respond to socio-political issues for their recognition: in terms of notoriety, reputation, legitimacy, truth / veracity. This majority discourse, which we also characterize, by certain traits of "discourse of the moral order", denotes a new way of "saying" politics, which consists in getting rid of overarching general considerations in order to reconsider the narratives of life, everyday narrations and testimonials. They would dress almost in an "apolitical" speech, often proudly displayed as "anti-political", but which remains resolutely political. This apolitical trend is also one of the caracteristics of a new online audience, the meso-group: a collective medium, pro-reactive and corporatist, difficult to identify.
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Alexia Ducos. Les nouvelles formes de l'expression citoyenne : étude des discours en ligne : enjeux de visibilité et de reconnaissance des idées et des publics d'une polémique. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020TOU30050⟩. ⟨tel-03124345⟩

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