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Theses

Les mondes légumiers et maraîchers en Normandie : hétérogénéité sociale et renouvellement de filières agricoles et alimentaires

Abstract : Emblematic sectors of the coasts of western France and peri-urban areas, vegetable production and farming are undergoing some major transformations : agribusiness integration, internationalization of markets, phytosanitary regulation, increased need for hired labor, installation outside the family-owned organisation, development of organic farming and short food supply chain food territorialization.Faced with the recent changes impacting this historically diversified productive sector, this social geography work is based on a typology of farms at the scale of Lower Normandy, resulting from the multivariate statistical analysis of the Agricultural Census, and complemented by a regional press review. The field survey complements the methodological approach in order to link the structural study to the functional analysis of farming systems. The results constitute a prerequisite for the analysis of the sectors through the localized coordination of market gardening and vegetable farms in the form of zones (peri-urban productions) or (micro) agricultural production basins (Créançais and Val de Saire, Baie du Mont-Saint- Michel, Lingreville, Plaine de Caen and Perche Ornais). Complementedby field surveys, the diachronic and systemic analysis of these localized agrifood systems reveals varied productive trajectories between adaptation, crisis, reconversion and emergence. These dynamics arise from the interrelationships between local agricultural worlds, rural and urban worlds which take place at different scales, from the localized production region to the political region, and according to national and supranational political and economic frameworks.The thesis analyzes vegetable basins or market production areas as a constituent element of different types of localized social spaces. The socio-territorial configurations identified define contexts of socialization with different class relations. Based on interviews, direct and participatory observations and ethnographic immersions, the thesis sheds light on the stratification of the vegetable and market growing worlds in Lower Normandy, from established fractions of the agricultural bourgeoisie and others in the process of gentrification, up to to the professionalization of popular vegetable practices, through the fractions of a degraded or renewed bourgeoisie. These different agricultural fractions are not considered or integrated in the same way by local public policies for land use planning and economic development. Moreover, the greater or lesser weight of these groups in the local space is the product of small-scale political and economic strategies. As a result, certain basins constitute popular places in the territory of agribusiness companies.
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Pierre Guillemin. Les mondes légumiers et maraîchers en Normandie : hétérogénéité sociale et renouvellement de filières agricoles et alimentaires. Géographie. Normandie Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020NORMC024⟩. ⟨tel-03121125⟩

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