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Entre universalité des droits humains et importation/exportation d’outils juridiques et conceptuels « occidentaux » en Afrique « noire ». : Cas du cadre Burkinabè de lutte contre les inégalités et les discriminations envers les femmes

Abstract : Questioning the universality and exportability of Human Rights implies the presupposition that they were developed in a certain socio-legal context and that they are transposed elsewhere. If we remain within the framework of a universalism posited as a dogma, Human Rights seem to know only one truth: that of the relationship of male and "white" domination; the peculiarities (being not “white”), as well as the differences (being women) are then erased. Countries in "black" Africa are exposed to an internationally defined multidimensional hierarchy. As a result, “black” African women undergo a double domination, horizontal (for their color and for their sex), and vertical (by the dominant ones and by the other dominated ones of the chain). The common element that links these two situations is the fact that the color "black" assigns a position in the legal, social, economic, and intellectual order, establishing a relationship of coloniality maintained both by the authors and by the victims. Discriminatory colonial categorizations assume that development aid submitted to them by international institutions and "Western" states is in a perspective of co-constructing the domination assumed by both sides. The application of the universality of human rights then turns out to be problematic insofar as certain cultural, social and legal specificities are not taken into account as required by human rights. What place do "black" women occupy in the hierarchical scheme of the world-system when we deconstruct the doxas of victimization and miserability presenting them as new subjects of law to be guided and defended ? Often victims but also reproducers of inequalities and discrimination against girls / women can certain representations characterizing "black" women find their sources in colonial interstices? How do Burkinabè legal norms grasp rights in a legal context which supposes inferiorizing indigenous law vis-à-vis Western law, their main main source, in a context where social configurations differ, even often contradict each other according to historian Joseph Ki-Zerbo?
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03120638
Contributor : Pabankba Clémence Ouedraogo <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 28, 2021 - 1:58:06 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 30, 2021 - 3:20:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 6:09:27 PM

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Pabankba Clémence Ouedraogo. Entre universalité des droits humains et importation/exportation d’outils juridiques et conceptuels « occidentaux » en Afrique « noire ». : Cas du cadre Burkinabè de lutte contre les inégalités et les discriminations envers les femmes. Sociologie. Université Lumière Lyon 2, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03120638⟩

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