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Theses

La place et le rôle des femmes dans la gouvernance des fédérations sportives françaises

Abstract : In 2014, law n°2014-873 “for true equality between women and men” introduced two types of gender quotas on the executive board of national sports federations. These quotas are more constraining than the previous ones and set a minimum of 25% of men and women in the composition of federal governing bodies. This thesis aims to investigate the construction of the mesure and the way how it is implemented in sports federations. It explores, in particular, the claim that there is a dearth of women sports leaders and analyses the electoral competition of governing bodies of French NSFs after the enactment of these quotas (2016-2017). For doing so, it uses the tools of strategic analysis and a renewed perspective which takes into account the contributions of the sociology of gender (Crozier & Friedberg, 1977; Laufer, 2010). The research employs mixed methods. It consists in a quantitative study conducted on 107 NSFs and a qualitative investigation conducted on five federations (basketball, rugby XIII, cycling, UFOLEP and dance). Overall, electoral competition for most executive boards is very limited and most of the candidates were elected. Quantitative figures suggest that there is no voting bias against women and that the lack of female candidates is rare, but the interviews confirmed the a priori role of networks. Some federations elaborate strategies of resistance and/or circumvention of the law. They limit the application of the measure through ex-officio members or the creation of additional boards, and consider quotas as a maximum. Despite these features and sports federations’ resistance, women’s representation in sport governance is increasing significantly - more than in the last twenty years. However, few of them manage to influence the decision-making process of sports federations yet.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03114344
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Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 3:22:11 PM
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CAPRAIS_ANNABELLE_2020.pdf
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Annabelle Caprais. La place et le rôle des femmes dans la gouvernance des fédérations sportives françaises. Education. Université de Bordeaux, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BORD0200⟩. ⟨tel-03114344v2⟩

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