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Enhancing performance and explainability of multivariate time series machine learning methods : applications for social impact in dairy resource monitoring and earthquake early warning

Kevin Fauvel 1
1 LACODAM - Large Scale Collaborative Data Mining
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D7 - GESTION DES DONNÉES ET DE LA CONNAISSANCE
Abstract : The prevalent deployment and usage of sensors in a wide range of sectors generate an abundance of multivariate data which has proven to be instrumental for researches, businesses and policies. More specifically, multivariate data which integrates temporal evolution, i.e. Multivariate Time Series (MTS), has received significant interests in recent years, driven by high resolution monitoring applications (e.g. healthcare, mobility) and machine learning. However, for many applications, the adoption of machine learning methods cannot rely solely on their prediction performance. For example, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation, which became enforceable on 25 May 2018, introduces a right to explanation for all individuals so that they can obtain “meaningful explanations of the logic involved” when automated decision-making has “legal effects” on individuals or similarly “significantly affecting” them. The current best performing state-of-the-art MTS machine learning methods are “black-box” models, i.e. complicated-to-understand models, which rely on explainability methods providing explanations from any machine learning model to support their predictions (post-hoc model-agnostic). The main line of work in post-hoc model-agnostic explainability methods approximates the decision surface of a model using an explainable surrogate model. However, the explanations from the surrogate models cannot be perfectly faithful with respect to the original model, which is a prerequisite for numerous applications. Faithfulness is critical as it corresponds to the level of trust an end-user can have in the explanations of model predictions, i.e.  the level of relatedness of the explanations to what the model actually computes. This thesis introduces new approaches to enhance both performance and explainability of MTS machine learning methods, and derive insights from the new methods about two real-world applications.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 13, 2021 - 1:51:21 PM
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Kevin Fauvel. Enhancing performance and explainability of multivariate time series machine learning methods : applications for social impact in dairy resource monitoring and earthquake early warning. Machine Learning [cs.LG]. Université Rennes 1, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020REN1S043⟩. ⟨tel-03140673⟩

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