Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Quand les instruments de participation reconduisent l'incapacité politique : le cas de la régulation sociale et environnementale des activités pétrolières en Équateur

Abstract : In this thesis, we study the social (Reynaud, 1987, 1991) and environmental regulation of oil activities in the Ecuadorian Amazon, through two case studies: the parishes of Pacayacu and Dayuma, where oil exploitation begins in the mid-1970s. From the 1990s, a series of publications (Little, 1992, UPPSAE, 1992, Kimerling, 1993, CESR, 1994, San Sebastian, 2000) links petroleum activities to different environmental, health and socio-cultural impacts. Their mediatization forces the state and oil companies to adopt a series of social and environmental standards. Recently, a series of instruments of institutionalized political participation claim to integrate local populations in the environmental regulation of oil activities. In this thesis, we study the implementation of these norms and their effects on the capacities of populations located in the area of influence of oil activities to collectively reduce their overall vulnerability (Wilches-Chaux, 1989). The historical evolution of the structural vulnerability of populations, particularly economic and social, leads to the diversion of environmental standards from their primary objective (right to a healthy environment): on the one hand, people accept pollution in exchange for punctual economic and social favors granted by the companies; on the other hand companies agree to run off a portion of the oil profits to ensure social peace. We show that under the guise of reform, the new instruments (Lascoumes, Le Gales, 2012) fulfill a function of "socialwashing", staging the social acceptance of oil activities by the populations with the aim of producing an image effect (social participation) in the service of promoting the expansion of the oil border in new territories.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03097919
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 3:19:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - 3:34:28 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 9:25:36 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03097919, version 1

Citation

Guilhem Juteau-Martineau. Quand les instruments de participation reconduisent l'incapacité politique : le cas de la régulation sociale et environnementale des activités pétrolières en Équateur. Sociologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU20030⟩. ⟨tel-03097919⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

70

Files downloads

69