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The rise of the Tea Party movement and its Impact on American Politics : a Study beyond a Mere Populist Conservatism

Abstract : : December 16, 2009, a few weeks prior to the primaries that would agree on the official contestant of the Democratic and Republican parties in the U.S., a group of people in Boston dressed in a way inspired by the American Revolution era. The flags they held symbolized a black rattlesnake on a yellow setting, by means of the slogan “Do not Tread on Me,” in the same manner asthe Boston Tea Party of 1773. The public meeting, which was initially and principally an evident movement in the dwelling of the U.S. representative Ron Paul, was held together with a fundraising campaign prearranged by activists, which would make available a 6 million dollars fundraising on the Internet in only one day, owing to 50 individual donations. One year later, a group of Republican candidates swept the Democratic majority in the midterm elections of November 2010 and won 60 more seats in the House of Representatives, celebrating one of the biggest Republican triumphs during the last fifty years. Far from being a trivial movement in 2009, the Tea Party movement, is considered by many to have had a significant impact in this victory. The crystallization of the debate on the health care reform had given the movement unexpected power and influence. Today, they represent a new conservative movement, yet formerly well established in the country.This dissertation explores the rise of Conservative social movements since WWII and the motives behind this. In the last chapter, it focuses on the Tea Party movement asthe latest chapter in the history of the populist conservative movement as the “Party of No.”Ianalyze (1) the historical background of the Right’s economic theories and ideologies, (2) how the U.S. society has been pulled to the right since the late 1970s in the most continuous political reaction since the Reconstruction era after the Civil War, (3) how welfare programs - as a unifying factor - have been used as a source of fear and fantasy for the Right, and (4) the origins of the movement: the who, what and why of the Tea Party movement and how they changed the American political landscape.
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Amira Achouri. The rise of the Tea Party movement and its Impact on American Politics : a Study beyond a Mere Populist Conservatism. Literature. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALL012⟩. ⟨tel-03094628⟩

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