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Mécanismes de propagation de fissure dans un superalliage base nickel polycristallin en régime d’interaction fatigue-fluage-oxydation-vieillissement métallurgique

Abstract : The 750°C crack propagation behavior in the polycristalline nickel-base superalloy AD730TM is studied. This study falls within the overall objectives of optimizing the “microstructure – mechanical properties” relations in nickel-base superalloys used for example in turbine disks. The deceleration of the crack propagation with the increase in ΔK value is specifically at the core of the PhD thesis work. Via a crack propagation test campaign, this phenomenon is systematically identified when dwell-fatigue loading are performed. The influence of the thermomechanical history of the material in investigated by varying several experimental parameters such as the initial microstructural state (γ’ precipitates), the initial value of ΔK, the environment or the dwell durations. The origin of the deceleration phenomenon is therefore shown to be linked with combined and protective effects of stress relaxation, oxide growth and metallurgical aging at the crack tip. To improve the understanding of the crack propagation results, complementary analysis of the 750°C γ’ precipitates aging is performed. One of the main outcomes is that aging kinetics (γ’ growth, carbide precipitation) are enhanced thanks to a cyclic loading. Besides, the more the microstructure is aged, the higher the stress relaxation rate at 750°C.
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Nicolas Mrozowski. Mécanismes de propagation de fissure dans un superalliage base nickel polycristallin en régime d’interaction fatigue-fluage-oxydation-vieillissement métallurgique. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020ESMA0010⟩. ⟨tel-03092324⟩

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