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Theses

Le dialogue des objets : fabrique et circulation des savoirs naturalistes : le cas des collections de Jean Hermann (1738-1800)

Abstract : Following the issues raised by the historic anthropology of the knowledge and the material turn, the thesis questions the cognitive dimension of the collections of natural history of Jean Hermann (1738-1800). From 1762, the naturalist created a rich cabinet composed of objects from the three kingdoms of nature. The cabinet was associated with two other forms of collections: a library and a botanical garden, which he managed as professor of botany of the university of medicine from 1783. All three forms of collections were used as his equipment for research and teaching. The investigation shall determine the role of objects in the production and the circulation of the naturalistic knowledge. Its objective is also to observe the social construction of a learned figure. The study points out the importance of the economy of exchange of objects in the constitution of collections and the role of the dialogue between objects - samples, books, images – in the visualization process. The visual device of the cabinet is at the core of the process of knowledge making. Collections contributed to the emergence of a public science; they were media of teaching and attracted numerous visitors.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03091999, version 1

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Dorothée Rusque. Le dialogue des objets : fabrique et circulation des savoirs naturalistes : le cas des collections de Jean Hermann (1738-1800). Histoire. Université de Strasbourg, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018STRAG017⟩. ⟨tel-03091999⟩

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