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L’acquisition du français L2 en contexte créolophone : la structuration des récits d’élèves en contexte scolaire haïtien à partir d’une tâche narrative

Abstract : This doctoral dissertation provides information on how Haitian pupils structure their written text at specific stages of the process of acquiring French as their academic language. Examining how narrative stories are constructed, on the one hand, the capacity of students to express complex events (macro-structural analysis) and, on the other hand, the referential means that are put to work: introducing, maintaining, and reintroducing the protagonists and the story to tell (micro-structural analysis). Stories have been gathered in Haitian Creole L1 and in French L2 from the story les Oisillons (Young birds). The corpus is made up of 160 stories (80 in Haitian Creole, 80 in French). The pupils surveyed whose age and school level are different (9-10 years old / 4th grade and 11-12 years old / 6th grade) come from 4 different schools of the Haitian capital. These schools occupy different positions on the scale of social and school values. Several factors including age, school level, and acquisition context of the French language have been considered for the two axes of analysis. The research focuses mainly on stories written in French L2, which is the language in the process of being acquired, but some elements of L1 are also examined. The results of the analysis reveal mainly an important variation in the development of the narrative and language capacity of the subjects in L2 between the 4 school groups that are represented. At the same time, it is shown how school which is the main place for the acquisition of French influences the development of language competence of Haitian pupils in L2. This is the point that is described in this study.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03091981
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Darline Cothière. L’acquisition du français L2 en contexte créolophone : la structuration des récits d’élèves en contexte scolaire haïtien à partir d’une tâche narrative. Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA030162⟩. ⟨tel-03091981⟩

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