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Violences historique, politique et esthétique chez Raharimanana et Patrice Nganang

Abstract : There are events, such as traumas, that become embedded in memory and take it in hostage, intertwining individual and collective approaches. Slavery, colonization, the series of wars and genocides that have marked the African continent are part of them. From the depths of their respective ruins, the Malagasy author Raharimanana and the Cameroonian writer Patrice Nganang decide to reinvest the twists and turns of History. The notion of frontier disappears, as they find themselves united by the bond of bloodshed, thus escaping, through their creations, from spatial and temporal confinement. If it is appropriate to retrace the itinerary of a past that defies time, it is to question the present and the future. How then to denounce cruelty if not through a dynamic of violence? They opt for a writing of horror and abjection - each in their own way -, in which ferocity for one stands side by side with tragic-comic humour for the other. An aesthetics of risk and subversion, a “mirror-writing” which, by scrutinizing Man, brings forth his filthy underbelly, often more beastly than human. Words express the most obvious evils; necrosis and neurosis take hold of the characters and serve to bear witness to exaction and abuse of power. Madness is aesthetic and transgressive, in an escalation that provokes endless reiteration, the interweaving of narratives and vindictiveness. They propose works that refer to historical facts, without being history books, and claim the right to confuse fiction and reality; to return to past injuries to warn of current and future hecatombs. The concepts of commitment and involvement, even if they are similar, are clearly expressed and in a singular way. As well as their relationship with literature and other human sciences, they give rise to many epistemological reflections on the delimitation of literary genres, in particular.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 4:40:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 3:51:04 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03082639, version 1



Angeline Chabi. Violences historique, politique et esthétique chez Raharimanana et Patrice Nganang. Littératures. Université de Lille, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LILUH011⟩. ⟨tel-03082639⟩



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