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Approche centrée activité pour la conception et l'orchestration d'activités numériques en classe.

Abstract : The quantity and variety of digital devices available in schools is constantly increasing. However, educational uses have not followed this evolution. The limited use of digital may be explained by the difficulty in creating digital activities. We propose to combine concepts from research related to the creation and conduction of educational activities in the classroom, as well as work related to the conduction of digital activities in a more general way. We present the contributions and limitations of these two conceptual frameworks for the management of digital educational activities. We conducted interviews with teachers to understand how they create their digital activities and how they conduct them. When conducting activities in the classroom, teachers mainly encounter technical problems (unstable network, hardware limitations) and have to adapt their plans to deal with these problems. We propose an adaptable architecture to solve the technical problems. Our architecture allows the conduction of digital activities by taking into account the different constraints: the activities work with or without connection, on the different devices present in the classroom, and the architecture adapts to the infrastructures of the schools. This architecture is materialized in Toccata, an orchestration system allowing the creation and implementation of digital activities in the classroom. Toccata implements the design recommendations we identified. Finally, we identified interaction strategies to help teachers in the management of digital devices in the classroom. Through observations of middle school classrooms, we identified two main classes of tasks: content sharing and remote control of devices. Using an elicitation study, we found that control tasks are easier to perform than content sharing tasks, especially using a device worn like a connected watch. We found that the selection of content sharing devices remained particularly complex in terms of interaction. Our results open new possibilities for managing digital devices in the classroom. However, work is still needed on sharing, reusing, and redesigning digital activities.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03082345
Contributor : Valentin Lachand <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 3:34:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 5:09:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03082345, version 1

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Valentin Lachand. Approche centrée activité pour la conception et l'orchestration d'activités numériques en classe.. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. INSA LYON, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03082345⟩

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