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Hannah Arendt et la rupture totalitaire

Abstract : The Arendtian thought is marked by two strong theses: the idea according to which man is conditioned by the environment in which he finds himself caught and that he contributes to modifying by his words and his acts on the one hand; and on the other the idea that totalitarianism constitutes a break with the world and the political tradition, to the point of appearing as a system ontologically hostile to the human condition. But the coexistence of these two theses is not self-evident. Hannah Arendt makes political activity a mode of being specific to human existence, based on the freedom to act, to finally describe a political system where this dimension has lost all meaning. By putting these two dimensions into perspective, this thesis seeks to resolve this paradox of a political regime capable of breaking with all that constitutes political action. By proceeding with a methodological review of the Arendtian texts, from the most recent to his first works on imperialism, it shows moreover that the conception of totalitarianism as a break with the human condition goes hand in hand with another approach making totalitarianism. the continuity of processes already germinated in the colonial system.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 4:00:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 4:24:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 7:59:29 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03068378, version 1




Arthur Guezengar. Hannah Arendt et la rupture totalitaire. Philosophie. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALP001⟩. ⟨tel-03068378⟩



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