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Analyses biochimiques et fonctionnelles de protéines cibles de POFUT1

Abstract : The, Pofut1-catalyzed O-fucosylation, is a rare glycosylation which consists of the addition of an O-linked fucose to the serine or threonine of a consensus sequence (C2X4(S/T)C3), carried by an EGF-like domain (ELD) of a membrane or secreted glycoprotein. Our analysis of the murine line Pofut1cax/cax, hypomorphic for the Pofut1 gene, revealed post-natal muscle hypertrophy associated with a decrease in the satellite cell pool. This phenotype was partly associated with a lack of interaction between hypo-O-fucosylated NOTCH receptors of satellite cell-derived myoblasts (SCDM) and their DSL ligands, which resulted in a lower activation of Notch signaling. Other proteins potentially involved in myogenesis may also be the target of POFUT1. This is indeed the case for the protein Wnt inhibitory factor 1 (WIF1), which has five ELDs, whose only two are potentially able to receive an O-fucose (ELDs III and V). Using a phylogenetic approach, we showed in most bilaterians that these two O-fucosylation sites and two N-glycosylation sites were conserved. Our experiments showed theoccupation of all these sites, except for the O-fucosylation site of murine WIF1 protein ELD V. The ability of the ELD III, produced as an isolated protein, to receive O-linked fucose was demonstrated after an in vitro O-fucosylation by combination of copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) and MRM-mass spectrometry. This new experimental approach was then standardized and its sensitivity was evaluated by comparing two other ELDs (NOTCH1 ELDs 12 and 26) known to beO-fucosylated but with different affinities for POFUT1. Surprisingly, WIF1's ELD V could not be O-fucosylated, probably due to a steric clash between this ELD and POFUT1, thus preventing their interaction. The analysis of the full-length WIF1 protein confirmed our results obtained with isolated ELDs and demonstrated the occupation of the two N-glycosylation sites. Finally, our results also showed the importance of these two N-glycans, but also the importance of ELD III’s O-fucose, foroptimal secretion of the murine WIF1 protein.
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Florian Pennarubia. Analyses biochimiques et fonctionnelles de protéines cibles de POFUT1. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0075⟩. ⟨tel-03065825⟩

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