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L'influence du rapport à l'élève idéal sur les pratiques pédagogiques et l'identité professionnelle de professeurs des écoles : le cas de la scolarisation des élèves à besoins éducatifs particuliers

Abstract : This research aims at shedding light on the relationships between the representations of the ideal pupil, the identity and professional practices of non-specialist primary teachers, in the context of inclusive school. Based on the system of professional activities (Blin, 1997), we considered that professional representations, practices and identities are closely linked and that they interact. The schooling of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) can turn out to be destabilising for some teachers (Saunier and Toullec-Théry, 2017). We wondered if the difficulties they encounter could stem from a gap between their representations of the ideal pupil and the pupils with SEN. To account for the multiple influences exerted by these representations on the development of professional practices and identity, we have constructed the concept of the relationship with the ideal pupil, echoing the relationship with knowledge (Charlot, 1997). Our methodology is based on quantitative and qualitative data. We first developed and distributed a questionnaire to collect data on the ideal pupil, then we conducted focus groups to complete and refine our analysis. The statistical processing of quantitative data has led to typologies of teachers and the creation of a portrait of the ideal pupil. The group interviews made it possible to understand the different functions that the ideal pupil occupies for these teachers, as well as the links between their representations and the way they define their profession and their practices. The data analysis also revealed the influence of institutional norms and values on the construction of their professional identity and practices.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03063853
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Submitted on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 11:52:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 3:55:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03063853, version 1

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Deborah Saunier. L'influence du rapport à l'élève idéal sur les pratiques pédagogiques et l'identité professionnelle de professeurs des écoles : le cas de la scolarisation des élèves à besoins éducatifs particuliers. Education. Normandie Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020NORMC016⟩. ⟨tel-03063853⟩

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