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Références spatiales dans la communication multimodale : Une étude inter-langue et développementale sur l’expression verbale et gestuelle du « mouvement » dans des récits parlés en persan et en azéri

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to study the verbal and gestural expressions of motion event which only concerns the motion with change of location, the study analyses three conceptual elements of motion event: the trajectory, the manner and the cause. The theoretical framework brings together the typology of verb-framed vs satellite-framed languages proposed by Talmy (2000), and the conception of gesture-speech relation as a multimodal production system which are closely linked. The study observes how Persian and Azeri children and adults represent motion in speech and gestures during the narration of a story. Our sample includes a total number of 112 participants (56 in each language), divided into 4 age groups: children of 6 and 10 years old, adolescents of 14 years old and adults. We asked our participants to watch a cartoon containing several motion scenes and then narrate the story.Although the Persians and Azeris have both similarities and differences in their expression of motion, their gestures are very similar with a strong preference to express the trajectory. This preference was also observed in their verbal expressions. Despite the fact that the Persian lexicon has very few two-dimensional trajectory-and-manner verbs, some Persian verbs have the potential to be accompanied by a directional satellite which is added to the verb; this potential opens the possibility of two-dimensional encoding of trajectory-and-manner in the verbal structure especially in oral narrations. The Azeri language in turn, being in contact with and under the influence of Persian, shows the same potential, albeit less than Persian. Azeris, on the other hand, are more likely to produce one-dimensional verbs of movement. At the gestural level, speakers of the two languages tend to produce separate gestures for path and manner of motion.The observation of the verbal productions of younger children has shown that children adopt language-specific verbal patterns very early. Age boosts the tendency to indicate the trajectory among speakers of the two languages; Only among the Persians, in language development, age promotes the expression of the two dimensions of movement. Similarly, the tendency to indicate the trajectory by gesture increases by age. But this increase is temporary and begins to decrease at the age of adolescence in both languages. The speakers tend to adopt an observer's point of view by age which promotes the expression of the trajectory, and consequently the indication of the manner decreases in adults.Our results suggest that coexpressivity is the most frequent case in the gesture-speech relation and increases by age in a non-continuous manner; but we have also observed the compensatory role of the gesture in absence of the trajectory in verbalization, which also increases by age.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03052244
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 3:16:14 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 12, 2020 - 3:26:08 AM
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Elnaz Jalilian. Références spatiales dans la communication multimodale : Une étude inter-langue et développementale sur l’expression verbale et gestuelle du « mouvement » dans des récits parlés en persan et en azéri. Linguistique. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALL014⟩. ⟨tel-03052244⟩

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