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Facteurs de risque et prise en charge de l'épilepsie au Liban : Enquête auprès de la population Libanaise à Beyrouth

Abstract : Epilepsy remains a global public health problem. In Lebanon, a lack of epidemiological data on this disease remains the major problem against the implementation of interventions.The objective of this study was to improve knowledge on the determinants of epilepsy, drug management and quality of life for people living with epilepsy in Lebanon. The research objectives were to identify the factors associated with epilepsy in the Lebanese population, to assess the adequacy of the prescribed molecules with international recommendations, to identify and describe the problems related to antiepileptic drugs and, to evaluate attitudes towards antiepileptic treatment by identifying factors associated with poor attitudes and poor control of epilepsy, assessing the quality of life and stigma of epileptic persons and identifying the factors associated with these two parameters.A case-control study was conducted to identify factors associated with epilepsy at the level of Beirut and its suburbs. For questions of evaluation of treatment choice, attitudes, quality of life and stigma, cross-sectional studies were conducted with people of epilepsy recruited for a case-control study. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect data from all persons living with epilepsy recruited, from the different types of health structures where neurologists could be present.Brain tumors (OR = 4.8, 95% CI: 1.9-11.7, p = 0.001), strokes (OR = 4.4, 95% CI: 2.4-8.1; p <0.001), meningitis (OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.1-6.6, p = 0.03), head trauma (OR = 2.3, 95% CI 1.6 -3.2, p <0.001), cesarean delivery (OR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.3-3.1, p = 0.002), inbreeding (OR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.1-2.3, p = 0.008) and depression (OR = 1.51, 95% CI: 1.05-2.19, p = 0.03) were among the factors associated with epilepsy. About 5.9% of prescriptions for antiepileptics were not compliant with the recommendations, 50% of the population presented drug interactions and 51% had side effects related to antiepileptic drugs. Nearly 32.4% of people with epilepsy had favorable attitudes about taking antiepileptic drugs. Depression (OR = 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.9, p = 0.04), and the heavy economic burden (OR = 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.4; <0.001) were the main factors limiting these favorable attitudes. In general, people living with epilepsy had a good quality of life, but were highly stigmatized (47.8%). Depression, onset of adverse effects, polypharmacy and stigma were associated with a low quality of life of people with epilepsy.Preventive behaviors should be practiced for avoidable factors associated with epilepsy. Prescription of generic drugs at low prices, adaptation of simple treatment regimens, considering comorbidities and explanation to the patients of the dosage of the treatment as well as the possible undesirable effects, are steps to adopt in order to improve the attitudes and quality of life of patients. Educational training for people with epilepsy could improve their knowledge of the disease and treatment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 1:01:47 AM
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Lara Mroueh. Facteurs de risque et prise en charge de l'épilepsie au Liban : Enquête auprès de la population Libanaise à Beyrouth. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges; Université libanaise, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0055⟩. ⟨tel-03049730⟩

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