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Jeunes et action politique : comportement électoral, nouvelles formes d'expression dans l'espace urbain en Tunisie

Samiha Hamdi 1
1 CRESSON - Centre de recherche sur l'espace sonore et l'environnement urbain
AAU - Ambiances, Architectures, Urbanités : UMR 1563
Abstract : The present research seeks to analyze and understand the following paradox: the strong - or rather intense - presence of young people in the public scene, especially the political one; a presence, however, that is strangely coupled with a low involvement of these young people in the traditional political structures. This is despite the fact that the post-revolutionary Tunisian society has set many challenges, especially those pertaining to the way of apprehending the aspirations and demands of young people. The latter represented one of the main actors of the revolution, who had paved the way for a political change and a reconfiguration of the Tunisian public space. Paradoxically, since the first test of the democratic transition, which was none other than the 2011 elections, things were marked by the absence of young people who all the more reason would have constituted an important electoral reservoir of supporters of freedom of expression. However, it turns out that the youth abstention is far from expressing a lack of civic commitment. This bias is by no means arbitrary; it is in fact a mode of political expression peculiar to them. It is in a way a response to the uncertainty that continues to plague the lives of these young people and to maintain them into a precarious state. This is not unrelated to a persistent unemployment, mainly in the absence of a "new" model of development likely to rekindle hope among them and allow them to integrate - and enjoy - the era of consumerism and hedonism propagated by the "world culture" and new communication technologies.In the meantime, these young people show they are concerned, indeed, but otherwise; they take part of a new political range, rather. The reconfiguration of the Tunisian public space is a manifestation of the emergence of such new forms of political commitment among young people and the remodeling that they operate in their relations to politics. So this research refers to these newly-invented forms of expression that convey distinctive values, imprinting young people’s political action by specific ways and means of doing things. These means are multiple, characterized by a plurality of expressive channels and forms of involvement. Thus, the art of the street, body language, lifestyle, etc., all perfectly illustrate that, behind their disinterest in the traditional political circuits, other methods and mechanisms of mobilization are taking shape and unfolding; they are certainly still ambiguous and undefined, but yet innovative, autonomous, plural, heterogeneous and, above all, unconventional and individual.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 5:11:34 PM
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Samiha Hamdi. Jeunes et action politique : comportement électoral, nouvelles formes d'expression dans l'espace urbain en Tunisie. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Grenoble Alpes; Université de Sfax. Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAH043⟩. ⟨tel-03034424⟩

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