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New syntheses of N-heterocyclic carbene-stabilized gold nanoparticles

Abstract : Over the past decade, N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) have drawn considerable interest in the field of materials chemistry. Indeed, this relatively new class of ligands forms strong bonds with a wide range of metals and their structures and electronic properties can be tuned “at-will” through organic synthesis. This strong bond is of particular interest for gold nanoparticles. Indeed, gold nanoparticles have many potential applications, for example in sensors, catalysis or medicine, but those potential applications are sometimes hindered by a lack of stability of the surface ligand. A few syntheses of NHC-stabilized gold nanoparticles have already been described in the literature but each presents their own set of drawbacks. This thesis work has focused on the development of new syntheses of NHC-stabilized gold nanoparticles. First, by revisiting a literature procedure starting from imidazolium salts, we managed to develop a one-pot synthesis starting only from commercially available AuCl, NaBH4 and easily synthesized imidazolium salts. A totally new synthesis was developed using NHC-boranes, which are stable Lewis adducts. Here, we reported for the first time their use as a 2-in-1 reagent, able to reduce the metallic precursor and provide the nanoparticles stabilizing ligands. Finally, we are the first to report a synthesis of gold nanoparticles stabilized by mesoionic carbenes (MIC). MICs are a sub-class of NHCs synthesized by well-known “click-chemistry”, which present unique electronic properties. Throughout this work, special care was taken to characterize the nanoparticles, notably by XPS.
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Submitted on : Saturday, November 28, 2020 - 1:01:48 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03029247, version 1


Laura Hippolyte. New syntheses of N-heterocyclic carbene-stabilized gold nanoparticles. Material chemistry. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS148⟩. ⟨tel-03029247⟩



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